KILL: not what you may expect


If you travel through the lower Hudson Valley in New York State you’ll  come across a number of communities which have the name “kill” in them.  The illustration on this place is the gentle, bucolic village of Fishkill, where a speeding ticket might be the most problematic addition to the police blotter, certainly not a […]

EXONERATE: to free from guilt or blame


Governor Cuomo  is criticized for being overly-frugal in his end-of-year pardons for just three men in New York State. Some call for Edward Snowden to receive clemency in U.S. for his “whistleblower” tactics Roman Catholic leader is released from prison after having been convicted of covering up sexual abuse cases in his Diocese. Mid-Atlantic Innocence […]

MANDATORY MINIMUMS: sentences handed out by courts because they have been stipulated and required by legislation

One of the most poignant issues facing our judicial system these days is the matter of mandatory minimum sentencing.  It is brought about by legislation that states have created in which there is a prescribed formula by which a judge is guided in terms of establishing the appropriate sentence for a convicted person. In many […]

MARRIAGE EQUALITY: an expression of justice

With an affirmative vote in both houses of the legislature and the signing of the bill by Governor Andrew Cuomo, the State of New York became the latest … and the largest … of the states to approve the legality of “non-traditional” marriage.   Governor Cuomo had made this legislative procedure a top priority over the […]

THE PETER PRINCIPLE: the concept that in every organization all employees will rise to their level of incompetence.

The Peter Principle is the principle that “In a Hierarchy Every Employee Tends to Rise to His Level of Incompetence.” It was formulated by Dr. Laurence J. Peter and Raymond Hull in their 1969 book The Peter Principle, a humorous treatise which also introduced the “salutary science of Hierarchiology”, “inadvertently founded” by Peter. It holds […]