BIAS: prejudice in favor of or against one thing, person, or group


Several of my colleagues have referred me to an article on NPR by Adam Frank in which he comments on the slide from idealism to bias. The word bias goes back at least to Old Provençal, a former language of southern France, in association with the sport of lawn bowling, where it referred to the […]


The late 60’s and early 70’s were my cultural puberty.   I was still quite fuzzy and I hadn’t yet developed my adult voice.  I was in the process of becoming culturally aware and my attempts at demonstrating it were fumbled and awkward. It was during that era that a phenomenon covered his country that has […]

RELATIVISM: the theory that there are no “absolutes,” but that matters are dependent upon the circumstances

An absolute is an idea, a value, which never varies.  If someone says something like, “Hard work is always good for you,” they have expressed an absolute value that means that there is never an instance when hard work is not good for you.   It fails to take into account such things as child labor, […]

MIDDLE CLASS:a class of people intermediate between the classes of higher and lower social rank or standing; the social, economic, cultural class, having approximately average status, income, education, tastes, and the like. *

I grew up in a middle class family, kind of on the lower end of the category at first. We lived in a modest house which was slightly too small for our family, but was affordable.  My parents both worked (unusual in the 1940’s) and my widowed grandmother lived with us to manage the household.  […]